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Career Outlook

National Outlook – 10-Year Projection (2011-2020)

This section provides labour demand and labour supply projections for this occupation over the 2011-2020 period.

Note: The tables, graphs and middle paragraph shown under this section display updated 2011-2020 projection results. The remaining narrative text (2009-2018 projections) will be updated shortly. We apologize for the inconvenience.

The data in the following table are derived from HRSDC's Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS). COPS uses a variety of models to produce a detailed 10-year labour market projection per broad skill level and per occupation at the national level, which focuses on the trends of labour supply and labour demand over the next ten years.

This occupation (Community and Social Service Workers) is part of a larger occupational group called Paralegals, Social Services Workers and Occupations in Education and Religion, n.e.c. (NOC 421).

Occupations in this group Paralegal and Related Occupations (4211)
Community and Social Service Workers (4212)
Employment Counsellors (4213)
Early Childhood Educators and Assistants (4214)
Instructors and Teachers of Persons with Disabilities (4215)
Other Instructors (4216)
Other Religious Occupations (4217)
Employment (non-student) in 2010 398,786
Median Age of workers in 2010 39
Average Retirement Age in 2010 62

Occupation Projection for Canada

Over the 2006-2008 period, employment growth and the increase in the average hourly wage in this occupation were on par with the overall occupational average. The unemployment rate dropped slightly over this period, to reach a relatively low rate of 2.4% in 2008. However, the hourly wage in this occupation is low in relation to comparable occupations and is well below the overall occupational average. According to key labour market indicators, the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill job openings in this occupation.

Over the 2011-2020 period, an occupation will be in excess demand (a shortage of workers) if the projected job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are greater than the projected job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility), while an occupation will be in excess supply (a surplus of workers) if the projected job seekers are greater than the projected job openings. For Paralegals, Social Services Workers And Occupations In Education And Religion, N.E.C., over the period of 2011-2020, job openings are expected to total 171,152. It is expected that 154,893 job seekers will be available to fill these job openings.

Based on projections and considering that labour supply and demand in this occupation were balanced, it is expected that the number of job seekers will remain sufficient to fill the job openings over the 2009-2018 period. The annual difference between supply and demand is very low, representing only 0.5% of employment in 2008. Job openings will arise from strong employment growth as well as retirements. Expansion demand will be above the average, given the major needs in the social services sector and the increased demand for daycare service workers, as a result of the recent increase in births. While the number of retirements will be high, the retirement rate will be slightly lower than the occupational average, as workers in this occupation are generally younger. In terms of supply, the majority of job seekers over the projection period will come from the school system. Immigrants will also represent an appreciable source of job seekers. However, a large number of workers will leave this occupation for others, namely to become social workers (NOC 415), which will create additional replacement needs in this occupation. In fact, this occupation accepts many graduates who have a university diploma, but are unable to find a job related to their field of study.

This Chart contains data for Projection of Job Openings vs. Job Seekers for Canada. Information is available in the following tables.
Accounting and Payroll Administrator

Table of job opening projections for the occupational group containing your chosen occupation.
Category Openings %
Expansion Demand 77,553 25%
Retirements 73,424 43%
Deaths 10,878 6%
Emigration 9,296 5%
Projected Job Openings 171,152 100%


Table of job seeker projections for the occupational group containing your chosen occupation.
Category Seekers %
School Leavers 137,222 89%
Immigration 19,107 12%
Net Mobility -1,436 -1%
Projected Job Seekers 154,893 100%


What proportion of men and women work in this occupation?

The graph displays the proportion of men and women in this occupation in comparison to the Canadian average across all occupations.

According to the Labour Force Survey (2009), 77% of workers in this occupation worked full-time, compared to the average of 81% for all occupations.

Accounting and Payroll Administrator


What proportion of men and women work in this occupation?

The graph displays the proportion of men and women in this occupation in comparison to the Canadian average across all occupations.

According to the Labour Force Survey (2009), women represented 78% of workers in this occupation, compared to the average of 48% for all occupations.
Accounting and Payroll Administrator


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